What Are Civil Rights and How Do We Identify Them?

A group of African American students believes a college admissions test that is used by a public university discriminates against them. What legal standard would the courts use in deciding their case?

  1. rational basis test
  2. intermediate scrutiny
  3. strict scrutiny
  4. equal protection

Hint:

C

The equal protection clause became part of the Constitution as a result of ________.

  1. affirmative action
  2. the Fourteenth Amendment
  3. intermediate scrutiny
  4. strict scrutiny

Which of the following types of discrimination would be subject to the rational basis test?

  1. A law that treats men differently from women
  2. An action by a state governor that treats Asian Americans differently from other citizens
  3. A law that treats whites differently from other citizens
  4. A law that treats 10-year-olds differently from 28-year-olds

Hint:

D

What is the difference between civil rights and civil liberties?