Theoretical Perspectives on Deviance

Section Quiz

A student wakes up late and realizes her sociology exam starts in five minutes. She jumps into her car and speeds down the road, where she is pulled over by a police officer. The student explains that she is running late, and the officer lets her off with a warning. The student’s actions are an example of _________.

  1. primary deviance
  2. positive deviance
  3. secondary deviance
  4. master deviance

Hint:

A

According to C. Wright Mills, which of the following people is most likely to be a member of the power elite?

  1. A war veteran
  2. A senator
  3. A professor
  4. A mechanic

Hint:

B

According to social disorganization theory, crime is most likely to occur where?

  1. A community where neighbors don’t know each other very well
  2. A neighborhood with mostly elderly citizens
  3. A city with a large minority population
  4. A college campus with students who are very competitive

Hint:

A

Shaw and McKay found that crime is linked primarily to ________.

  1. power
  2. master status
  3. family values
  4. wealth

Hint:

D

According to the concept of the power elite, why would a celebrity such as Charlie Sheen commit a crime?

  1. Because his parents committed similar crimes
  2. Because his fame protects him from retribution
  3. Because his fame disconnects him from society
  4. Because he is challenging socially accepted norms

Hint:

B

A convicted sexual offender is released on parole and arrested two weeks later for repeated sexual crimes. How would labeling theory explain this?

  1. The offender has been labeled deviant by society and has accepted a new master status.
  2. The offender has returned to his old neighborhood and so reestablished his former habits.
  3. The offender has lost the social bonds he made in prison and feels disconnected from society.
  4. The offender is poor and responding to the different cultural values that exist in his community.

Hint:

A

______ deviance is a violation of norms that ______result in a person being labeled a deviant.

  1. Secondary; does not
  2. Negative; does
  3. Primary; does not
  4. Primary; may or may not

Hint:

C