Theoretical Perspectives on Aging

Section Quiz

Which assertion about aging in men would be made by a sociologist following the functionalist perspective?

  1. Men view balding as representative of a loss of strength.
  2. Men tend to have better retirement plans than women.
  3. Men have life expectancies three to five years shorter than women.
  4. Men who remain active after retirement play supportive community roles.

Hint:

D

An older woman retires and completely changes her life. She is no longer raising children or working. However, she joins the YWCA to swim every day. She serves on the Friends of the Library board. She is part of a neighborhood group that plays Bunco on Saturday nights. Her situation most closely illustrates the ______ theory.

  1. activity
  2. continuity
  3. disengagement
  4. gerotranscendence

Hint:

A

An older man retires from his job, stops golfing, and cancels his newspaper subscription. After his wife dies, he lives alone, loses touch with his children, and stops seeing old friends. His situation most closely illustrates the _______ theory.

  1. activity
  2. continuity
  3. disengagement
  4. gerotranscendence

Hint:

C

What is the primary driver of modernization theory?

  1. Industrialization
  2. Aging
  3. Conflict
  4. Interactions

Hint:

A

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act counteracts which theory?

  1. Modernization
  2. Conflict
  3. Disengagement
  4. Age stratification

Hint:

D