How Neurons Communicate

Review Questions

For a neuron to fire an action potential, its membrane must reach ________.

  1. hyperpolarization
  2. the threshold of excitation
  3. the refractory period
  4. inhibitory postsynaptic potential

Hint:

B

After an action potential, the opening of additional voltage-gated ________ channels and the inactivation of sodium channels, cause the membrane to return to its resting membrane potential.

  1. sodium
  2. potassium
  3. calcium
  4. chloride

Hint:

B

What is the term for protein channels that connect two neurons at an electrical synapse?

  1. synaptic vesicles
  2. voltage-gated ion channels
  3. gap junction protein
  4. sodium-potassium exchange pumps

Hint:

C