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Course materials in this collection have been mapped to VCCS Economics Transfer Courses. Filter by Course Alignments to find OER specific to your course.
Economics is traditionally divided into two parts: microeconomics and macroeconomics. The purpose of this course is to provide you with a fundamental understanding of the principles of macroeconomics. Macroeconomists study how a country’s economy works and try to determine the best choices to improve the overall wellbeing of a nation. Typical topics include inflation (the overall level of prices), employment, fiscal policy (government taxing and spending), and money and banking (interest rates and lending policies). Individuals and firms need to consider how macroeconomic events will affect their own prosperity. To better define macroeconomics, consider its distinction from microeconomics. Imagine you are attempting to figure out how the price of a certain good has been determined. Microeconomics would focus on how supply and demand determine prices, while macroeconomics would study the determination of prices at all levels. To test particular policies and ideas, or to find out the causes of good macroeconomic performance, we need to have some measure of overall economic activity. For this reason, macroeconomics uses aggregates (totals) to measure key concepts such as national income, output, unemployment, inflation, and business cycles (periodic expansions and contractions of economic activity). By studying macroeconomics and understanding the critical ideas and tools used to measure economic data, you will have a better perspective on the issues and problems discussed in contemporary economics. This course will ask you to think critically about the national and global issues we currently face. It will also introduce the tools and principles you need to draw your own conclusions in an informed manner.
Looking for engaging content for your economics courses? The Institute for Humane Studies has curated this collection of educational resources to help economics professors enrich their curriculum. Find videos, interactive games, reading lists, and more on everything from opportunity costs to trade policy. This collection is updated frequently with new content, so watch this space!
The Economics of Food and Agricultural Markets is written for applied intermediate microeconomics courses. The book showcases the power of economic principles to explain and predict issues and current events in the food, agricultural, agribusiness, international trade, and natural resource sectors. The field of agricultural economics is relevant, important and interesting. The study of market structures, also called industrial organization, provides powerful, timely, and useful tools for any individual or group making personal choices, business decisions, or public policies in food and agriculture industries.
The Second Edition of Economics of Food and Agricultural Markets (2019) is written for applied intermediate microeconomics courses. The book showcases the power of economic principles to explain and predict issues and current events in the food, agricultural, agribusiness, international trade, labor markets, and natural resource sectors. The field of agricultural economics is relevant, important and interesting. The study of market structures, also called industrial organization, provides powerful, timely, and useful tools for any individual or group making personal choices, business decisions, or public policies in food and agricultural industries.
The text focuses throughout on evidence on the economy, from around the world, and from history. It is motivated by questions—how can we explain what we see? The method is to ask interesting questions first and then to introduce models that help to answer them. Standard tools such as constrained optimization are taught by showing how they give insight into real-world problems. Economics as a discipline is set in a social, political, and ethical context in which institutions matter.
CORE teaches students to be economists:
Start with a question, and look at the evidence.
Build a model that helps you understand what you see.
Critically evaluate the model: does it provide insight into the question, and explain the evidence?
Unit 1. The big questions about the economy
Units 2–3. Economic decision making
Units 4–6. Economic relationships and interactions
Units 7–10. Markets
Units 11–12. Market dynamics, how markets work and don’t work
Units 13–15. The aggregate economy in the short and medium run
Unit 16. The aggregate economy in the long run
Capstone units 17–22
Economy, Society, and Public Policy has been created specifically for students from social science, public policy, business and management, engineering, biology, and other disciplines, who are not economics majors.
Table of Contents:
1—Capitalism and democracy: Affluence, inequality, and the environment
2—Social interactions and economic outcomes
3—Public policy for fairness and efficiency
4—Work, wellbeing, and scarcity
5—Institutions, power, and inequality
6—The firm: Employees, managers, and owners
7—Firms and markets for goods and services
8—The labour market and the product market: Unemployment and inequality
9—The credit market: Borrowers, lenders, and the rate of interest
10—Banks, money, housing, and financial assets
11—Market successes and failures
12—Governments and markets in a democratic society
International Economics: Theory and Policy is built on Steve Suranovic’s belief that students need to learn the theory and models to understand how economics works and how economists understand the world. And, that these ideas are accessible to most students if they are explained thoroughly.
So, if you are looking for an International Economics text that will prepare your PhD students while promoting serious comprehension for the non-economics major, Steve Suranovic’s International Economics: Theory and Policy is for you.
International Economics: Theory and Policy presents numerous models in some detail; not by employing advanced mathematics, but rather by walking students through a detailed description of how a model’s assumptions influence its conclusions. Then, students learn how the models connect with the real world.
Steve’s book covers positive economics to help answer the normative questions; for example, what should a country do about trade policy, or about exchange rate policy? The results from models give students insights that help us answer these questions. Thus, this text strives to explain why each model is interesting by connecting its results to some aspect of a current policy issue.
This text eliminates some needlessly difficult material while adding and elaborating on other principles. For example, the development of the relative supply/demand structure, or the presentation of offer curves, are omitted as to not go too deeply into topics that tend to confuse many students at this level.
Steve developed new approaches in this text including a simple way to present the Jones’ magnification effects, a systematic method to teach the theory of the second best, and a unique description of valid reasons to worry about trade deficits. These new approaches help students learn the concepts and models and derive conclusions from them.
If you like to take a comprehensive look at trade policies, be sure to check out the chapter on Trade Policy (7). It provides a comprehensive look at many more trade policies than are found in many of the printed textbooks on the market today.
International Economics: Theory and Policy by Steve Suranovic is intended for use in a full semester trade course, a full semester finance course, or a one semester trade/finance course.
This course takes a look at the basic theories of international trade and the consequences of trade in today's global economy. You'll have the opportunity to learn more about fundamental ideas such as comparative advantage, increasing returns to scale, factor endowments, and arbitrage across borders. The consequences we discuss include the effects of offshoring, how trade has shaped the economies of China, Mexico, and Korea, when foreign direct investment is desirable, and the history of free trade and tariffs, among other topics. Trade is a topic of increasing importance and this material will give you a better grasp on the theories and empirics as they have been developed by economists.
Macroeconomics provides an introduction to economic principles and market forces including supply and demand, unemployment, inflation, international trade and capital flows, monetary policy and banking, fiscal policy and globalization.
This course is a comprehensive introduction to the structure of the American economy as compared to other economic structures. Supply and demand, GDP, inflation, monetary policy, money and banking, taxation, economic growth, international exchange and comparisons of classical, Keynesian and monetarist economic philosophies are presented. It is required for business majors planning to transfer to 4-year business programs in the state of Washington.Login: guest_oclPassword: ocl
Microeconomics provides an introduction to economic principles and market forces including supply and demand, labor and financial markets, elasticity, consumer choices, cost and industry structure, competition, monopoly, negative and positive externalities, economic inequality, financial markets, international trade, globalization and protectionism.
Principles of Economics covers scope and sequence requirements for a two-semester introductory economics course. The authors take a balanced approach to micro- and macroeconomics, to both Keynesian and classical views, and to the theory and application of economics concepts. The text also includes many current examples, which are handled in a politically equitable way.
Flat World Knowledge is thrilled to publish a first edition re-launch of Tim Tregarthen’s acclaimed Principles of Economics book, and proud to bring Tim's remarkable talents as a teacher to future generations of students.In 1996, Tim published the first edition of his principles of economics textbook to great acclaim, and it became widely used in colleges around the country. That same year, MS made him wheelchair-bound. The disease forced his retirement from teaching at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs in 1998. He lost the use of his arms in 2001 and has been quadriplegic ever since.Tim never let his disease get him down. In fact, he turned back to his love of writing and teaching for inspiration. He obtained a voice-activated computer, recruited a co-author, Libby Rittenberg of Colorado College, and turned his attention to revising his principles of economics book.Today we are excited to introduce Libby Rittenberg and Timothy Tregarthen’s Principles of Economics. The authors teach economics as the study of “choice “ by providing students with an accessible, straightforward overview of economics. This text combines the clarity and writing of Tregarthen's seminal periodical "The Margin" with great teaching insights.Rittenberg and Tregarthen help students to understand how real individuals actually work with economics. In this new book, the authors illustrate the practicality and relevance of economics with a variety of new illustrations and insights.The authors take a three-pronged approach to every concept: (1) the concept is covered with a “Heads Up” to ward off confusion, (2) a “You Try It” section makes sure students are staying on top of the concept and (3) a “Case and Point” section that uses a real-world application to harness the concept in reality. For one example of how this plays out in the text see "Chapter 3, Section 2 on Supply." hereThis book is intended for a two-semester course in economics taught out of the social sciences or business school.
Recognizing that a course in economics may seem daunting to some students, we have tried to make the writing clear and engaging. Clarity comes in part from the intuitive presentation style, but we have also integrated a number of pedagogical features that we believe make learning economic concepts and principles easier and more fun. These features are very student-focused. The chapters themselves are written using a “modular” format. In particular, chapters generally consist of three main content sections that break down a particular topic into manageable parts. Each content section contains not only an exposition of the material at hand but also learning objectives, summaries, examples, and problems. Each chapter is introduced with a story to motivate the material and each chapter ends with a wrap-up and additional problems. Our goal is to encourage active learning by including many examples and many problems of different types.
Principles of Macroeconomics is an adaptation of the text, Macroeconomics: Theory, Markets, and Policy by D. Curtis and I. Irvine, and presents a complete and concise examination of introductory macroeconomics theory and policy suitable for a first introductory course.
Examples are domestic and international in their subject matter and are of the modern era -- financial markets, monetary and fiscal policies aimed at inflation and debt control, globalization and the importance of trade flows in economic structure, and concerns about slow growth and the risk of deflation, are included.
This text is intended for a one-semester course, and can be used in a two-semester sequence with the companion text, Principles of Microeconomics. The three introductory chapters are common to both books.
Lyryx develops and supports open texts, with editorial services to adapt the text for each particular course. In addition, Lyryx provides content-specific formative online assessment, a wide variety of supplements, and in-house support available 7 days/week for both students and instructors.
With this free video resource, students will explore the economic way of thinking, and the role incentives play in all our lives through engaging Hollywood production style videos.
Educators can use MRU's videos in a variety of ways, to include “flipping” the classroom, as study aids, supplementary material, concept reinforcement, or even as a full course offering.
In MRU's Principles of Macroeconomics course, we’ll cover fundamental questions such as: Why do some countries grow rich while others remain poor? How important is a country’s banking system — and what happened during the recent financial crisis? How did Zimbabwe end up with an inflation rate that rose into the quadrillions?
We’ll also cover important topics like the Federal Reserve, monetary policy, fiscal policy, the Solow Growth Model, institutional analysis, the “economics of ideas,” and more.
What is Marginal Revolution University (MRU)?
Many of us can remember our first great economics teacher who fundamentally changed how we see the world. At MRU, we try and deliver that experience to millions worldwide through video.
Founded as a nonprofit in 2012 by George Mason University economics professors Tyler Cowen and Alex Tabarrok, MRU is building the world’s largest online library of free economics education videos -- currently weighing in at more than 800 videos.
This book is an adaptation of Principles of Microeconomics originally published by OpenStax. This adapted version has been reorganized into eight topics and expanded to include over 200 multiple choice questions, examples, eight case studies including questions and solutions, and over 200 editable figures.
Topic 1: Introductory Concepts and Models
Introduction to Microeconomics
1.1 What Is Economics, and Why Is It Important?
1.2 Opportunity Costs & Sunk Costs
1.3 Marginal Analysis
Case Study - Beer or Cancer?
Solutions: Case Study - Beer or Cancer?
Topic 1 Multiple Choice Questions
Topic 1 Solutions
Topic 1 References
Topic 2: Specialization and Trade
Introduction to Specialization & Trade
2.1 Economic Efficiency
2.2 Production Possibility Frontier
Case Study - Brexit
Solutions: Case Study - Brexit
Topic 2 Multiple Choice Questions
Topic 2 Solutions
Topic 2 References
Topic 3: Supply, Demand, and Equilibrium
Introduction to Supply and Demand
3.1 The Competitive Market Model
3.2 Building Demand and Consumer Surplus
3.3 Other Determinants of Demand
3.4 Building Supply and Producer Surplus
3.5 Other Determinants of Supply
3.6 Equilibrium and Market Surplus
Case Study - The Housing Market
Solutions: Case Study - The Housing Market
Topic 3 Multiple Choice Questions
Topic 3 Solutions
Topic 3 References
Topic 4 Part 1: Elasticity
4.1 Calculating Elasticity
4.2 Elasticity and Revenue
4.3 Relative Elasticity
Topic 4 Part 2: Applications of Supply and Demand
4.4 Introduction to Government Policy
4.5 Price Controls
4.6 Quantity Controls
4.7 Taxes and Subsidies
4.8 Elasticity and Policy
Case Study - Automation in Fast Food
Solutions: Case Study - Automation in Fast Food
Topic 4 Multiple Choice Questions
Topic 4 Solutions
Topic 4 References
Topic 5: Externalities
Introduction to Environmental Protection and Negative Externalities
5.2 Indirectly Correcting Externalities
5.3 Directly Targeting Pollution
Case Study - Sulpher Dioxide
Solutions: Case Study - Sulpher Dioxide
Topic 5 Solutions
Topic 5 References
Topic 6: Consumer Theory
Introduction to Consumer Choices
6.1 The Budget Line
6.2 The Indifference Curve
6.3 Understanding Consumer Theory
6.4 Building Demand
Case Study - The Liberal Gas Tax
Solutions: Case Study - The Liberal Gas Tax
Topic 6 Solutions
Topic 6 References
Topic 7: Producer Theory
Introduction to Cost and Industry Structure
7.1 Building Producer Theory
7.2 Understanding Producer Theory
7.3 Producer Theory in the Long Run
7.4 The Structure of Costs in the Long Run
Case Study - Oil Markets
Solution: Case Study - Oil Markets
Topic 7 Solutions
Topic 7 References
Topic 8: Imperfect Competition
Introduction to Imperfect Competition
8.2 Fixing Monopoly
8.3 Why Monopolies Persist
8.4 Monopolistic Competition
Case Study - Diamond's Demise
Solutions: Diamond's Demise
Topic 8 Solutions
Topic 8 References
Appendix C: Versioning History
The purpose of this course is to provide the student with a basic understanding of the principles of microeconomics. At its core, the study of economics deals with the choices and decisions that have to be made in order to manage scarce resources available to us. Microeconomics is the branch of economics that pertains to decisions made at the individual level, i.e. by individual consumers or individual firms, after evaluating resources, costs, and tradeoffs. "The economy" refers to the marketplace or system in which these choices interact with one another. In this course, the student will learn how and why these decisions are made and how they affect one another in the economy. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Think intuitively about economic problems; Identify how individual economic agents make rational choices given scarce resources and will know how to optimize the use of resources at hand; Understand some simplistic economic models related to Production, Trade, and the Circular Flow of Resources; Analyze and apply the mechanics of Demand and Supply for Individuals, Firms, and the Market; Apply the concept of Marginal Analysis in order to make optimal choices and identify whether the choices are 'efficient' or 'equitable'; Apply the concept of Elasticity as a measure of responsiveness to various variables; Identify the characteristic differences amongst various market structures, namely, Perfectly Competitive Markets, Non-Competitive Markets, and Imperfectly Competitive Markets and understand the differences in their operation; Analyze how the Demand and Supply technique works for the Resource Markets. (Economics 101; See also: Business Administration 200)